On 29 November 2012, the United Nations General Assembly voted to upgrade the status of the Palestinians to that of a “non-member observer state”. The assembly voted 138-9 in favor , with 41 nations abstaining.
It follows a failed bid to join the international body as a full member state on 2011 because of a lack of support in the UN Security Council.
The votes implies global recognition of the relevant territory as a sovereign state and is a major step towards a two state solutions can now take part in UN debates and potentially join bodies like the International Criminal Court. The new status amounts to less of an achievement than full U.N. membership,which the Security Council declined to consider in September 2011 on the grounds that the members were unable to make a “unanimous recommendation”.
The U.N. resolution could be the harbinger of many momentous changes for West Asia. The Palestinian Authority can now not only seek membership of several U.N. agencies but also can apply to sign the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, with the clear implication that Israel may finally be held accountable for crimes committed against the civilians population of Gaza.